Metabolism of the psychotomimetic tryptamine derivative 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine in humans: identification and quantification of its urinary metabolites
Kamata T, Katagi M, Kamata HT, Miki A, Shima N,
Zaitsu K, Nishikawa M, Tanaka E, Honda K, Tsuchihashi H.
Forensic Science Laboratory,
Osaka Prefectural Police Headquarters,
1-3-18, Hommachi, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541-0053, Japan.
Drug Metab Dispos. 2006 Feb;34(2):281-7.


The urinary metabolites of 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT) in humans have been investigated by analyzing urine specimens from its users. For the unequivocal identification and accurate quantification of its major metabolites, careful analyses were conducted by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, using authentic standards of each metabolite synthesized. Three major metabolic pathways were revealed as follows: 1) side chain degradation by O-demethylation to form 5-hydroxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-OH-DIPT), which would be partly conjugated to its sulfate and glucuronide; 2) direct hydroxylation on position 6 of the aromatic ring of 5-MeO-DIPT, and/or methylation of the hydroxyl group on position 5 after hydroxylation on position 6 of the aromatic ring of 5-OH-DIPT, to produce 6-hydroxy-5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (6-OH-5-MeO-DIPT), followed by conjugation to its sulfate and glucuronide; and 3) side chain degradation by N-deisopropylation, to the corresponding secondary amine 5-methoxy-N-isopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-NIPT). Of these metabolites, which retain structural characteristics of the parent drug, 5-OH-DIPT and 6-OH-5-MeO-DIPT were found to be more abundant than 5-MeO-NIPT. Although the parent drug 5-MeO-DIPT was detectable even 35 h after dosing, no trace of its N-oxide was detected in any of the specimens examined.
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